Study of Crime Scene Investigation done in Medicolegal Cases Referred to Medical College of Metropolitian Area

AUTHOR(s) : Jagtap NS, Chavan GS, Nanandkar SD
DOI No. :

Introduction: Forensic Science plays a very significant role in the investigation system. “Crime Scene Examination” refers to an examination where forensic or scientific techniques are used to preserve and gather physical evidence of a crime. Aims: The main purpose of study was to collect the important trace evidences related with that particular case and also to get an opinion on issues such as time since death, manner of death, interpretation of injuries, type of weapons, physical evidences found at the scene of crime. Methods: In present study 50 detail crime scene investigations were carried out in relation with the autopsies conducted at JJ hospital mortuary over the period of 2 year (July 2012 to July 2014). Results: In this study trace evidences such as only blood stain was found in 10 (20%) cases while skin scrapings was taken in 5 (10%)cases. Fingerprints/footprints were taken in 10 (20%) cases. Combination of trace evidences were seen in 11 (22%). During study soft material was used in (26%) cases for causation of injuries. Hanging was most common (47.6%) circumstance of death in suicidal death while strangulation (47.4%) common in homicidal death. Mental illness (66.7%) was most common predisposing factor in suicidal death followed by dispute (73.7%) in homicidal death. Conclusion: We tried to relate the collected evidential material and observed findings with the autopsy findings and form a conclusive link between them, which was important for police investigation.

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