Profile of burns cases among children treated at a tertiary care hospital

AUTHOR(s) : K Padmakumar1, Issac NJ2, Mukundan PK3, Kuttichira Praveenlal4, Gnanadurai Angela5
DOI No. : 10.31741/ijhrmlp.v5.i1.2018.7


Epidemiological data on burns in children can give valuable information to policy makers for developing prevention strategies in reducing the incidence of childhood burns. Objectives: To study the Profile, manner and outcome of burns cases among children treated at a tertiary care hospital. Materials and methods: A Retrospective observational study was conducted based on medical records of children below the age of 12 years with the diagnosis of acute burns admitted to Jubilee Mission Medical College Hospital during 01-07-2016 to 30-06-2017. Results: A total of 169 burn cases were treated during the study period, of which 61 were children below 12 years. Maximum numbers of affected children were from the age group of less than 4 years and 60 cases were of accidental in nature. Scalding was the predominant cause of injuries and often related to cooking practices. No cases were reported with more than 30% burns and there was no mortality. Conclusion: Burn injuries can be reduced by bringing about regulations to develop safer cooking practises and educating the community especially the women on safe practises at home and also on first aid measures.

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