Histology of seeds: sprouting the neurons for diagnosis of poisoning

AUTHOR(s) : Saiyed MZG, Jani CB
DOI No. :

Introduction : The regulated and recommended consumption of different plants is for nutrition but, their irrational use either by accident, suicide or homicide can lead to illness, disease or even death in certain cases and is considered as poisoning. It is extremely difficult to detect the biological poisons at the laboratories in the samples collected from the patient. Its physical characteristics and histological features are useful in diagnosis. As per best of our knowledge, no database is available regarding the physical and histological characteristics of routinely consumed toxic seeds in biomedical literature. An attempt is made to prepare a pictorial database of physical & microscopic characteristics of frequently consumed seeds of toxicological significance in Gujarat region. Materials and methods: Toxic seeds commonly encountered in poisoning cases, procured from the local shop, were subjected to conventional method of tissue processing at Histopathology laboratory. The slides were examined under light microscope and photographs were captured. The photographs were processed in Microsoft office picture manager software and were reproduced with better resolution. Results: The images of the histological features of different seeds were produced and the characteristic features were identified. Conclusion: A pictorial database of histology of toxic seeds commonly causing poisoning in the Gujarat region is created. It is suggested to the Forensic Medicine departments in different medical colleges to carry out such exercise to create their regional database. Better images of histological features can be produced by using standard method of processing of toxic seeds in sophisticated Botanical laboratories and area of Forensic Botany can be explored further.

Keywords: Biological poison; forensic botany; toxic seeds.

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