Trends of suicidal deaths brought to JNIMS mortuary: a five-year retrospective study.

AUTHOR(s) : Kamei H, Moirangthem BK, Gangmei A, Kumari O, Mayanglambam B.
DOI No. : 10.31741/ijhrmlp.v8.i1.2022.5


Background and aims: "suicide" denotes the self-planned and deliberate termination of one's life. Suicide represents a significant public health problem, and data on its death in a particular geographic area can reflect the social and mental status of the people of that area. The present study aims to analyse the current trends and reasons for suicidal deaths to identify the areas for intervention to prevent them. Material and method: A five-year retrospective study was conducted on all the suicidal deaths (120 cases) brought to the Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, JNIMS, Imphal, Manipur, from 1st January 2014 to 31st December 2018. The study was carried out by collecting data from records and was analysed using descriptive statistics. Results: Maximum cases of suicidal deaths were seen in males (60%), and the most vulnerable age group was 21-30 years (39.16%). Hanging (62.5%) was the most commonly adopted method of suicide. Most victims belong to the Hindu religion (77.5%), and 71.66% of cases were from rural areas compared to urban areas (28.33%). 67.5% of cases occurred at home, and family disputes (31.66%) were the most typical reason for suicide. Conclusion: Knowing the pattern of the methods of suicide and changing trends in the area will help in the early management of such cases and in taking early preventive measures by identifying the risk factors of suicide and establishing free counselling centres.

Keywords:  Suicide; Hanging; Trends; Pattern; Preventive measures.

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